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硝化棉

什麽是硝化棉?
What is industrial nitrocellulose?
  當精製的棉短絨與硝硫混酸發生反應,奇跡便發生了:一種廣泛用於塗料、油墨、皮革光亮劑及指甲油、乒乓球等方麵的神奇材料誕生,這種材料就是硝化棉,學名為纖維素硝酸脂( NITROCELLULOSE)。以硝化棉為原料製作的塗料兼具持久的耐候性、良好的樹脂兼容性及絕好的快幹性,用於木器塗料,具有無與倫比的優勢。
  從無煙火藥、噴漆、人造皮革、塑料到文教用品、日用生活用品,硝化棉因為其獨特的個性越來越被廣泛的應用,成為改變現代生活的一種神奇化學物質。
  硝化棉——為世界添彩!  
  When refined cotton linter and sulfur nitrate mixed acid react, the miracle will occur the: a widely used in paint, ink,leather brightening agent and nail polish, table tennis and other aspects of the material for God was born, this material is composed of nitrocellulose (NC), the scientific name for cellulose nitrate ester (NITROCELLULOSE). With nitrocellulose as raw material for the production of coating both lasting weatherability, good resin compatibility and excellent fast dry, for wood coatings, with unparalleled advantages.
  From the smokeless powder, painting, artificial leather and plastics to stationery, daily life activities, nitrocellulose because of its unique personality is more and more widely application become changing modern life a miracle of chemical substances.
For he world to nitrocellulose!  
工業硝化棉的生產過程
The production process of the NC industrial nitrocellulose
   優質的棉短絨經過開棉機梳解後送入蒸煮鍋,蒸煮後的棉液於噴放鍋中分離,經過漂洗、漂白處理、機械碾壓和熱空氣烘幹後成為精製棉,將精製棉送入硝化器中與硝硫混酸進行酯化反應生成硝化棉。初製後的硝化棉,經過驅酸,送到煮洗鍋進行安定處理和降粘處理,再經過漂洗和脫水後進行醇溶劑驅水,即可得到可供工業用途的硝化棉。脫水後的硝化棉還可用增塑劑(如DOP/ESO等)塑化成硝基漆片。
  High quality cotton linter after opener combing evacuation into the cooking pot, cooking liquid of the cotton in the spraying pot separation, after rinsing, bleaching, mechanical rolling and hot air drying become refined cotton, refined cotton into nitrification and denitrification sulfur mixed acid esterification reaction of nitrification cotton. Early of nitrocellulose, after flooding acid, sent to cook wash pot stability and viscosity reducing processing, then after rinse and dehydration of alcohol solvent water flooding can be obtained for industrial use of nitrocellulose. Dehydrated nitrocellulose can also be used plasticizer (such as DOP/ESO) plastic into nitro finish.
 
 
硝化棉各種規格的用途
USE A VARIETY OF NITROCELLULOSE
 
硝化棉產品標準 
NITROCELLULOSE PRODUCT STANDARD
表1含氮量範圍
RANGE OF NITROGEN CONTENT
 
硝化棉各種規格
NITROCELLULOSE SPECIFICATIONS
表2粘度規格
VISCOSTITY SPECIFICATION
(單位為秒)           
 
表3理化性能指標
PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
硝化棉的運輸
TRANSPORTATION OF NITROCELLULOSE
  我公司生產的硝化棉是甲級易燃易爆產品,運輸過程中應嚴格執行有關安全規定。用戶運輸過程中要避開高溫或強烈陽光照射,避開外來明火,不得損壞包裝容器,並注意標誌。硝化棉裝運不能和其他易燃易爆品混裝一車。
  凡用戶來采購我公司硝化棉要有:
  1、危險品采購證
  2、危險品準運證
  3、車上要有黃燈、滅火機、網罩等設備。
  Nitrocellulose is A grade flammable and explosive product. During the course of transportation, safety roles. Should be strictly carried out. Heat, strong sunlight shinning and open flame must be kept away smoking is forbidden, packing containers can't be damaged. Nitrocellulose could not be put with other flammable, explosive goods in one truck during shipping.All Nitrocellulose purchasing comers should have:
  1.Hazardous purchase certificate
  2.Hazardous shipping permit
  3.On trucks there ought to be yellow lamp, yellow flag, ire-extinguisher and net masks etc.
硝化棉一般安全通則
GENRAL SAFETY RULE OF NITROCELLULOSE
  1、在儲有或處理硝化纖維的場所或附近,嚴禁火種。
  2、存有硝化纖維的容器,必須密封保存。
  3、不可讓內裝有硝化纖維的容器,受到日光的直接照射。
  4、必須注意存儲硝化纖維場所溫度。如發現溫度升高時,須采取通風或濕水等適當的措施使溫度降低。
  5、在搬動內裝有硝化纖維的容器時,不可有拖拉機衝擊或重重落地的動作。
  6、在實行作業中如有硝化纖維散落時,須徹底清掃幹淨並放入有蓋子的容器內加水封存後再作廢棄處理。
  7、廢棄的硝化纖維須在規定的安全場所加以燒毀,或委托原製造廠做廢棄處理。
  1.Fire is absolutely forbidden around the site of storing or disposing the nitrocellulose.
  2.The container when loaded with nitrocellulose has to be tightly sealed.
  3.The container when loaded with nitrocellulose should be avoided from exposing under the sun.
  4.Always pay attention to the temperature of the nitrocellulose storing site,when the temperature goes up then the air should be more ventilated or using water spraying to keep the temperature cool down.
  5.When the container is loaded with nitrocellulose, any such action like dragging, pulling, heavy striking, heavy falling on the ground might cause instant explosion.
  6.During operation nitrocellulose might scattered around the work site which should be collected by placing into the water of a container then duly covered, and these nitrocellulose should be treated as waste.
  7.Burning away the waste nitrocellulose has to be at certain fixed safe place or return the waste nitrocellulose to the manufacture.
 
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